Spitfire X4614 +2 more

King's Seat, Ochils, Clackmannanshire













Aircraft Type Photo


BELOW: Supermarine Spitfire XVI at Duxford, September 2006.


spitfire mk xvi at duxford in september 2006


Photo: 2006 Taken by Chowells, Noise reduction and shadows lifted by Diliff. Original image here


Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.5






Aircraft Type and Background


RAF Supermarine Spitfires / AR254, P8276 and X4614 (3 aircraft)



Aircraft Type Designation:  Type 300 (Fighter).


Aircraft Type Nickname: The Spit.

Designed by R J Mitchell, the elliptical-winged Supermarine Spitfire was one of the most capable and effective fighters of WWII. It was produced in a number of variants, and with different power plants and armaments. The Spitfire was considered a high performing, agile and stable fighter platform. Ultimately, 20,000 Spitfires and Sea Spitfires (or 'Seafires'; the naval variant) were produced.

The Spitfire first entered service with the RAF at Duxford in August, 1938, and many subsequent variants were produced.

During the Battle of Britain, Mk I Spitfires were outnumbered by Hawker Hurricanes. Nevertheless, the Spitfires were usually considered as the most deadly aircraft in the skies above Britain.

The Mark II Spitfire was equipped with a Rolls-Royce Merlin XII engine of 1,175hp. The Mark IIA variant was fitted with eight .303in machine guns.



BELOW: RAF Spitfires in flight


raf spitfires in flight


Photo: As a work of the U.S. Federal Government, the image is in the public domain.






Aircraft Accident Details


Three Spitfires (AR254, P8276 and X4614) from No. 58 Operational Training Unit (58 OTU) took off from RAF Grangemouth with a flying instructor in one Spitfire aircraft and student pilots in each of the other two Spitfires. The students were on a conversion course from other types of aircraft in order to familiarise themselves with the handling and flying characteristics of Spitfire fighters.


The three Spitfires had flown north from RAF Grangemouth across the Firth of Forth and into Clackmannanshire. As they approached the high ground of the Ochil Hills while flying in close formation, they entered an extensive area of hill fog. Unfortunately, while continuing in this formation, the three Spitfires collided and crashed on King's Seat Hill, just north-west of the small town of Dollar. The instructor and one student pilot died in the crash. The second student pilot survived, with injuries.






Aircraft Pilot Casualties / Survivor


The two pilots who died were:


  • Spitfire AR254: Sgt H G Reynolds (RCAF), Instructor.


  • Spitfire X4614: Sgt G M Duda (RCAF), Student.



The one pilot who survived was:


  • Spitfire P8276: Sgt V P Daly (RAAF), Student.






Crash Site Photos



(No known wreckage remains at the crash site. However, there might possibly be a few fragments hidden in the heather. Some pieces have been found which are now in Dollar museum. [Gary Nelson])



Memorial Photos



BELOW: Approaching the RAF memorial to the three Spitfire pilots whose aircraft crashed on King's Seat Hill.


raf memorial on kings seat hill.


Photo: (c) 2016 Gary Nelson



BELOW: The memorial plaque.


memorial plaque.


Photo: (c) 2016 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Close-up of memorial plaque.


close up of memorial plaque.


Photo: (c) 2016 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Another view of the RAF memorial to the Instructor and Student Pilots on King's Seat Hill.


Another view of the RAF memorial on King's Seat Hill (Dollar Bank).


Photo: (c) 2016 Gary Nelson




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Crash Date / Site



Accident Date: 16 Jan 1943


Accident Site:

King's Seat Hill
(Ochil Hills)


Region: Clackmannanshire.


Nearest towns or villages:

Dollar (SE) or Tillicoultry (SW).


Nearest large towns:

Alloa (SW) or Stirling (SW)


OS Grid Ref: N/A


GPS Ref. N/A


Present Crash Site Status: Memorial at crash site. No known wreckage remains.




Aircraft Details



Registration or Serial: AR254, P8276 and X4614.


Operator:  RAF (58 OTU / N030 Conversion Course.)


Operating Station: RAF Grangemouth (derelict).


Station Location: Grangemouth,


Current Station Status: Disused. Now, site of Ineos Grangemouth petrochemical plant.




Related Links


RAF and Related Links

58 OTU

Aircrew Remembered. (58 OTU Triple Tragedy Strikes Grangemouth.)

The Wartime Memories Project - RAF Grangemouth.

Grangemouth Spitfire Memorial Trust (Facebook).

RAF Commands Forum Archive (Spitfire crash details).

Spitfire Memorial Flypast over King's Seat Hill. (YouTube video, 2009.)




Hill Walking Links



(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)

WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)

Walking Scotland's Mountains




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