Airspeed Oxford N4592

Lammer Law, Gifford, Lothian













Aircraft Type Photo


BELOW: Airspeed AS.10 Oxford at the Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Cambridgeshire. [Wikimedia Commons]


airspeed as10 oxford


Photo: 2011 David Merrett, Daventry, England


This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license.



BELOW: An Airspeed AS.10 Oxford. This aircraft belonged to the Belgian Air Force (now, Belgian Air Component or COMOPSAIR)


as10 oxford of belgian air force (belgian air component)


Photo: 2006. Released by the author under GNU Free Documentation License






Aircraft Type and Background


RAF Airspeed AS.10 Oxford / N4592



Aircraft Type Designation: AS.10 (Communications, anti-submarine, and training aircraft.)


Aircraft Type Nickname: "The Ox-Box"



The Airspeed Oxford was developed from the Airspeed AS.6 Envoy commercial aircraft as an RAF trainer. The Oxford was equipped with two 355hp - 375hp seven cylinder air-cooled Armstrong-Siddeley Cheetah IX or X radial engines.


Essentially, this was a 3-seater aircraft, but provision was made for up to 6 crew. The Oxford was equipped with dual controls for pilot training purposes, but these could be removed for bombardier training.


Several other crew training roles were also covered by the Airspeed Oxford, preparing aircrew for entry into RAF Bomber Command.


At least 8 variants of the Airspeed Oxford were produced. In addition to those manufactured by Airspeed Ltd., some of these aircraft were built by sub-contractors such as de-Havilland, Percival, and Standard Motors. The Mark I Oxford was equipped with an Armstrong-Whitworth dorsal turret, but all subsequent variants lacked this feature.


In addition to their role as advanced trainers, Oxfords were used as communications, anti-aircraft, and anti-submarine aircraft; and also as air ambulances.






Aircraft Accident Details


Oxford N4592 crashed a couple of mile south and two days previous to HE111 1H+JA, the first enemy aircraft shot down on british soil during WWII. An article in 'After the Battle' Magazine issue 42 (1983) describes an interview with a schoolboy, who after visiting the HE111 wreck went up to the crash site of N4692.


"The next day (Sunday, October 29) we went to the British aircraft crash, this was soon identified as an Airspeed Oxford despite the fact that the machine being of wood and fabric constuction had literally disintegrated on diving into the gound.


The large area strewn with wreckage was visible from miles away. This was to us better than the German aeroplane where people kept telling you not to touch anything. Here one could help oneself and out came the pliers and screwdrivers! It is true to say that in a few weeks most of the aeroplane disappeared, even the seven cylinder cheetah engines were taken apart and robbed of various components.


With our haul we passed the Heinkel site on the way home and there was a steady stream of people going up and coming down from it. It proved a real weekend sightseeing tour for hundreds if not thousands of people. At school on Monday the Heinkel was at first the main topic of conversation but instruments and other odds and ends from the Oxford slowly gained it number one place."


Even when visited in 1976 there was nothing remaining of N4592 at the crash site.


(Based on information kindly collated and provided by Gary Nelson.)






Aircraft Crew Casualties


Those who died in this incident were:



(Please click on the hyperlinked names above for futher details at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's website.)



[Crew details courtesy, Gary Nelson]






Crash Site Photos


BELOW: Limited car parking at Blinkbonny Woods. The path ahead through the gate is part of the ancient Haddington to Lauder Way, an old trade route used by merchants and cadgers (itinerant packmen or carriers).


Limited car parking at Blinkbonny Woods.


Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Approaching the northern end of Lammer Law.


Approaching the northern end of Lammer Law.


Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Looking east to Hopes Reservoir, Vampire WA432 crashed just over a mile north east of this reservoir.


Looking east to Hopes Reservoir, Vampire WA432 crashed just over a mile north east of this reservoir.


Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson



BELOW: WA432 crashed in a gully below the skyline to the right of centre of the photo.


WA432 crashed in a gully below the skyline to the right of centre of the photo.


Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Where Airspeed Oxford N4592 crashed, on an unnamed summit about 1.6km (1 mile) south of Lammer Law summit.


The area of the crash is heavily managed for grouse shooting and is littered with shooting butts and has had the heather burnt off regularly ensuring nothing remains of the Oxford.


Where Airspeed Oxford N4592 crashed, on an unnamed summit about 1 mile south of Lammer Law summit.


Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson






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Crash Date / Site



Aircraft page added: 23 May 2015


Page last updated: 23 May 2015



Accident Date: 26 Oct 1939


Accident Site:

Lammer Law (527m)


Region: East Lothian


Nearest town or village:

Gifford (N)


Nearest larger town:

Haddington (N)


Crash site OS Grid Ref. N/A


Crash site GPS Ref: N/A


Present Wreckage Status: No known remains.




Aircraft Details



Registration or Serial: N4592

Operator: RAF (13 FTS.)

Operating Station: RAF Drem.

Station Location: RAF Drem (Gullane / West Fenton).

 Current Airport Status: Closed 1946. See also nearby support airfield at East Fortune; now, National Museum of Flight.




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