Junkers Ju88A-14 3E+HM

Hare Hill, Edinburgh / Midlothian

 
     
 
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Aircraft Type Photo

 

BELOW: An excellent profile of 3E+HM produced by Rob Smith. This model is of the same aircraft that crashed at Hare Hill. The image shows clearly some of the armaments, cockpit / gun areas and external communication arrays.

 

 

profile of 3E+HM produced by Rob Smith

 

With its dark green fuselage and black undersides this aircraft was well camouflaged for night bombing operations.

 

Image: Copyright © 2009 Rob Smith

 


 

BELOW: A Luftwaffe Junkers Ju88A-14 bomber in flight.

 

a junkers ju-88 in flight

 

Photo: Original source unknown.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Type and Background

 

Deutsche Luftwaffe Junkers Ju88A-14 / 3E+HM

 


 

The fastest of the German bombers, the twin-engine Junkers Ju88 was used to great effect by the Luftwaffe. It could be adapted for use as a medium bomber, a dive-bomber, a torpedo-bomber, a reconnaissance aircraft, and a nightfighter.

 

The Ju88 was versatile, the cargo transport seems to be the only use the Germans didn't bring it in to service for. One could assume that small storage containers similar to UPack moving pods loaded in transform it in to a cargo machine too.

 

The Ju88 was equipped initially with Daimler-Benz DB 600A V-12 engines. In later versions, Junkers Jumo 211-J1 or 211-J2 types were used. The Ju88A-1 featured here was equipped with 1,200hp Jumo 211B-1 engines.

 

The aircraft was equipped with internal bomb bays, supplemented in later models with provision for bombs carried externally. Later variants were fitted with increased wingspans, strengthened landing gear and rocket-assisted take-off equipment.

 

The Ju88 accommodated a crew of four.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Accident Details  

 

(Please scroll to read)

 

This Jumo 211 powered Junkers Ju88A had been been sent on a mission to bomb Leith docks on the Firth of Forth, thereby disrupting the traffic through this busy port.

 

Junkers Ju88, coded 3E+HM, was believed to have begun its flight from an airfield near Paris (possibly, Grève) after which it had proceeded to Deelen (Arnhem, Holland) to be bombed up and refuelled. It would then have proceeded NE up the Dutch coast until turning in a NW direction across the North Sea and direct for the Firth of Forth for its bombing run. However, unable to locate their target, the crew decided to jettison their incendiary bombs over farmland before returning to base. [Much of the data in this paragraph was kindly provided by R. Smith]

 

The pilot, Oberleutnant Fritz Förster, then headed back toward his operating base. However, as he was flying across the Pentland Hills south of Edinburgh, his aircraft failed to clear Hare Hill halfway across the Pentlands. As a result, the Junkers crashed, killing all on board.

 

The wreckage of the aircraft was scattered over half a mile. It is believed that this Ju88 was not brought down by machine gun or anti-aircraft fire, as no such engagements had been reported in this area at the time.

 

The memorial at the crash site was erected by a local man, Mr. Kenny Walker.

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Crew Casualties

 

The crew who died were:

  • Oberleutnant Fritz Förster (probably) Pilot 1
    [Equivalent Rank: Flying Officer / 1st Lieutenant]

  • Obergefreiter Heinz Kristall, Wireless Operator / Air Gunner.
    [Equivalent Rank: Senior Aircraftman]

  • Unteroffizier Horst Bluhm (possibly) Pilot,  Wireless Operator / Air Gunner.
    [Equivalent Rank: Sergeant]

  • Gefreiter Willi Euler, Air Gunner.
    [Equivalent Rank: Leading Aircraftman]

 

Although buried initially at Kirknewton Parish Cemetery, all four airmen were later laid to rest at the Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof (The German War Cemetery) in Cannock Chase.

 

The details are as follows:

 

Oblt Fritz Förster: Block 4 Row 17 Grave 238

Ogefr Heinz Kristall: Block 4 Row 17 Grave 236

Uffz Horst Bluhm: Block 4 Row 17 Grave 235

Gefr Willi Euler: Block 4 Row 17 Grave 237

 


 

Footnote:

1 Pilot: Several sources name Unteroffizier Horst Bluhm as the pilot of this aircraft. Others name Oberleutnant Fritz Förster as the pilot.

Although Uffz Bluhm was not the most senior crew member, the Luftwaffe command structure permitted suitably qualified and experienced lower ranks to fly their aircraft.

[Based on information kindly provided by Robert Noakes.]

 

 

 

 

Memorial Photos

 

BELOW: Memorial stone marking the entrance to Cannock Chase German War Military Cemetery.

 

memorial stone marking entrance to cannock chase german war military cemetery

 

Photo © 2009 Rob Smith

 


 

BELOW: Standing among the neat rows in the German War Cemetery at Cannock Chase, the two headstones in the foreground commemorate the four airmen who lost their lives in this tragic accident.

 

two headstones of four german airmen who died in this incident

 

Photo © 2009 Rob Smith

 


 

BELOW: This headstone marks the graves of:

 

Unteroffizier Horst Bluhm (Block 4 Row 17 Grave 235) and

 

Obergefreiter Heinz Kristall (Block 4 Row 17 Grave 236)

 

grave of horst bluhm and heinz kristall

 

Photo © 2009 Rob Smith

 


 

BELOW: This headstone marks the graves of:

 

Gefreiter Willi Euler (Block 4 Row 17 Grave 237) and

 

Oberleutnant Fritz Förster (Block 4 Row 17 Grave 238

 

graves of willi euler and fritz forster

 

Photo © 2009 Rob Smith

 


 

BELOW: Kirknewton Parish Cemetery, where the German airmen were buried before being re-interred at Cannock Chase.

 

kirknewton parish cemetery

 

Photo: © 2009 Robert Robertson

 


 

BELOW: This memorial plaque to the four German airmen can be seen at the north-west corner of Kirknewton Parish Churchyard.

 

memorial plaque to german airmen at north west corner of kirknewton parish churchyard

 

Photo: © 2009 Robert Robertson

 

 

 

 

 

Crash Site Photos    (Page 1-A)

 

 

Approach Route Photos

 

 

NOTE: This is a very easy wreck to reach being only 2.4km (1.5 miles) from the car park, 1.6km (1 mile) of that being on a tarmac road.

 

 

BELOW: The road carries on for another 1.6km (1 mile) or so but there is no parking past this point.

 

The road carries on for another mile or so but there is no parking past this point.

 

Photo: © 2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: At the top of this Hill there is a choice of two paths to reach the wreck up the western side and across or along the northern base and up.

 

At the top of this Hill there is a choice of two paths to reach the wreck up the western side and across or along the northern base and up.

 

Photo: © 2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: End of the road. A good path leads across the fields from here.

 

End of the road. A good path leads across the fields from here.

 

Photo: © 2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: I chose this path to the northern base of Hare Hill then turned right and uphill to the wreck (see next photo). Although easy enough, the other path would have been easier still. [Gary Nelson]

 

I chose this path to the northern base of Hare Hill then turned right and uphill to the wreck (see next photo).

 

Photo: © 2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Ju88 crash site indicated at the top right of this photo.

 

Ju88 crash site indicated at the top right of this photo.

 

Photo: © 2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 

 

Crash site photos from Gary Nelson's 2014 collection on

 

PAGE 1-B and PAGE 1-C

 

 

 

 

Other (earlier) photos below.

 

 


 

 

 

 

 


 

 

BELOW: The memorial post and plaque at Hare Hill commemorating the crew of Junkers Ju88 3E+HM who died when their aircraft crashed near this spot.

 

the memorial post to the Junkers Ju88 crew at Hare Hill

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: Another view of the memorial post at Hare Hill. Some wreckage parts lie at the base of the post.

 

Note the poppies and miniature crosses for each of the four airmen.

 

another view of the memorial post at hare hill

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: Much of the wreckage from the Ju88 is highly fragmented—as shown here.

 

some of the highly fragmented wreckage from the ju88

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: More fragmented wreckage and wiring from the aircraft.

 

more fragmented wreckage and wiring from the aircraft

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: A closer view of the electrical wiring, together with some molten parts from the airframe.

 

a closer view of the wiring, together with some molten parts from the airframe

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: More wreckage fragments among the gorse.

 

more wreckage fragments among the gorse

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: Among these piles of wreckage are parts of the undercarriage strut (partially concealed in the peat bog), spars, and various other sections.

 

two piles of wreckage collected together

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: Another view of the wreckage shown above.

 

another view of the wreckage shown above

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: Aluminium plating from the airframe.

 

aluminium plating from the airframe

 

Photo: © 2013 Neil Daniel

 


 

BELOW: Hare Hill, looking toward Edinburgh and Leith docks. Threipmuir Reservoir can be seen in the middle background.

 

hare hill looking toward edinburgh and leith docks

 

Photo: 2009 Geoff Pritchard

 


 

BELOW: Leith Docks (circled) viewed from the memorial post on Hare Hill, Pentland Hills, between Balerno and Penicuik.

 

Hare Hill, looking toward Leith Docks - circled

 

Photo: 2009 Geoff Pritchard

 


 

BELOW: Closer view of the memorial post to the German airmen who lost their lives at Hare Hill when their Ju88A crashed while returning to base.

 

memorial post on hare hill close to crash site

 

Photo: 2009 Geoff Pritchard

 


 

BELOW: The memorial plaque attached to the post. The inscription on the plaque reads:

 

3E + HM
H. Bluhm
W. Euler
F. Forster
H. Kristal
25-3-43

 

memorial plaque attached to the post

 

Photo: 2009 Geoff Pritchard

 

 

 

FORWARD TO PAGE 1-B

 

 

 

(Additional photos at Graham Stephen's Blog)

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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Crash Date / Site

 

 

Pages last updated: 22 Apr 2015

 



 

Accident Date: 25 Mar 1943

 

Accident Site:

Hare Hill (449m / 1472ft)

(Pentland Hills)

 

(Crash site NW of summit)

 

Region: City of Edinburgh / Midlothian boundary.

 

Nearest towns or villages:

Balerno or Penicuik.

 

Nearest large town or city:

Edinburgh (NE)

 

OS Grid Ref. N/A

 

GPS Ref. NT 16960 62142

and NT 16959 62137

 

Present Condition: Some scattered and fragmented wreckage still onsite.

 

 

 

Aircraft Details

 

 

Registration or Serial: Coded 144537 / 3E+HM

 

(Unit: 3E / Aircraft: H / Squadron: M)

 

Operator: Deutsche Luftwaffe (2 Kampfgruppe / 4.Staffel Kampfgeschwader 6 (6th Bomber (Adler) Wing)

 

Operating Base: Deelen.

 

Base Location: Deelen, Gelderland, the Netherlands.

 

 

 

Related Links

 

 

Accident Specific Links

Aircrew Remembrance Society (Further details of the Ju-88 crash featured here, with pilot and crash site photographs.)

Crash details at Eddie Boyle's Blog

Eddie's Photo Archive (Current wreckage photos)

Graham Stephen's Blog. (Crash site photos including photo of Oblt. Fritz Forster with wife and children)

 

German Language Site Links

Bundeswehr

Flugzeugforum (German Aviation Forum)

Kampfgeschwader 6 (KG6)

Lesezeichen - Soldatenfriedhof Cannock Chase

Luftwaffe (Also in English)

LuftwaffenMuseum

 

Lufwaffe and Related Links

Junkers Ju 88 Series at Bombs Away (information on each variant)

Junkers Ju 88A at 9thflottilla.de

Luftflotte 5 Fliegerführer Nord (Order of Battle for the Luftwaffe)

The Wartime Memorials Project - Luftwaffe

 

Museum Link

The Virtual Aviation Museum

 

Other Links

Ju 88 Kampfgeschwader on the Western Front (Book)

The Luftwaffe at Wikipedia

 

 

 

Hill Walking Links

 

 

(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)

WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)

Walking Scotland's Mountains

 


 

Emergency Services Link

Register for Text 999 Emergency Service

If you cannot make voice calls, you can now contact the 999 emergency services by SMS text from your mobile phone.

 

 

 

 

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Essential Equipment - Three Seasons.

 

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