Aircraft Type Photo
Click here for pre-accident photo of BAe Jetstream Super 32 G-SUPR. (External website.)
This photo on the external website was taken 4 months before the aircraft crashed at Prestwick Airport.
BELOW: BAe Jetstream 31 at Filton Airfield, Filton, Bristol. This aircraft (G-BRGN) is operated by the National Flying Laboratory Centre, Cranfield University.
Photo: June 2005, Yummifruitbat using an Olympus C-750UZ digital camera.
BELOW: Sun-Air of Scandinavia in British Airways livery British Aerospace BAe-3201 Jetstream 32EP OY-SVB at Düsseldorf International Airport.
This aircraft variant (3201) is almost identical to the aircraft variant (3202) featured on this page.
Photo: 2009 Ulf Eimers
Aircraft Type and Background
British Aerospace* Jetstream 3202 / G-SUPR
* Now, BAE Systems.
Following the collapse of the Handley Page aircraft company, Scottish Aviation took over the manufacturing of the HP Jetstream and other types of aircraft. The Jetstream was produced by Scottish Aviation until 1978, when the company was taken over by British Aerospace (Now, BAE Systems). BAe decided to continue development of the Jetstream design and began work on a Mark 3 version of this aircraft.
The new version proved to be very popular, and several hundred 31s were built during the 1980s. In 1985, a further engine upgrade was planned, which flew in 1988 as the Jetstream Super 31, also known as the Jetstream 32—the variant featured on this page.
Aircraft Accident Details
Air Accident Investigation Branch Report (Extract)
History of the Flight
The aircraft was operated by the manufacturer as a company demonstrator. On the day of the accident there was a requirement for the aircraft to be positioned from Prestwick to East Midlands Airport, in order that certain modifications could be carried out to the flight deck for development purposes.
It was decided that the flight could also be utilised to complete the flying exercises required for the renewal of the Certificate of Test in the first officer's Commercial Pilot's Licence. These exercises consisted of a take off with simulated failure of one engine between VI (decision speed) and V2 (take-off safety speed), followed by a climb to circuit configuration, an ILS approach to Decision Height and go-around solely by reference to instruments, and an approach and full-stop landing, all with one engine simulated failed. It was planned that the first three items would be carried out at Prestwick, followed by the transit flight to East Midlands, where the last item of the test was to be completed.
It was known to be the standard practice for the commander to give a thorough pre-flight briefing prior to the conduct of a test. No witnesses were found who could confirm that such a briefing took place for this flight.
Summary of the Accident
When the take off began the first officer was aware that it was the intention of the commander to give him a practise engine failure at an appropriate point.
The commander initiated the simulated engine failure at a time when control of the aircraft had been handed over to the first officer in accordance with normal procedures. Thereafter, the aircraft left the ground and climbed at a gradient slightly steeper than usual while the landing gear remained in the extended position.
About 10 seconds after the aircraft was rotated the commander reminded the first officer forcefully about the landing gear and the commander made the UP selection on the instruction of the first officer 2 seconds later.
At this moment the landing gear warning horn sounded almost simultaneously with one of the stall warning horns. Within a further 2 seconds the commander took over the controls of the aircraft and restored power to the retarded engine but the aircraft continued to roll to the right until it struck the ground inverted. The total time from rotation until impact was approximately 18 seconds.
There was no evidence of aircraft malfunction or of medical factors which might have caused or contributed to the accident.
Aircraft Crew Casualties
This was a re-positioning and a first officer training flight. Both the captain and the first officer died in this incident. Their names were:
Registration or Serial: G-SUPR
Operator: British Aerospace (BAe) (Now, BAE Systems)(Company Demonstrator)
Operating Base: Glasgow Prestwick Airport.
Base Location: Prestwick, South Ayrshire.
(Aircraft scheduled to be repositioned to East Midlands Airport for modifications.)
Current Airport Status: Operational Civil Airports.
Current Airport Names:
1) Glasgow Prestwick Airport,
2) East Midlands Airport, Castle Donington, NW Leicestershire.
BAe Jetstream Related Links
Handley Page / Scottish Aviation / BAe, British Aerospace Jetstream 31 / 32 data sheet at Flugzeug.
Hill Walking Links
(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)
Hillwalking (The Scottish Mountaineering Club)
Hillwalking.org.uk (Equipment, etc.)
Mountain Guides (Routes, maps, advice and guidance compiled by Steven Fallon)
OutdoorScotland.co.uk (Directory of Clubs, Associations, and Mountain Rescue Teams)
WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)
Emergency Services Link
If you cannot make voice calls, you can now contact the 999 emergency services by SMS text from your mobile phone.
BAe Jetstream 32 G-SUPR
Prestwick Airport, South Ayrshire