NOTE: These pages are for remembrance purposes only. They do not discuss those responsible for causing this air disaster.
Additional memorial-related photos taken at Dryfesdale Cemetery (especially of the memorial service) would be very welcome. This applies also to other memorial-related photos or links elsewhere in Lockerbie, or in other places in the UK or overseas. If you can help, please contact me here.
BELOW: A Pan Am Boeing 747 similar to the type featured on this page. Photographed at Zurich Airport, Switzerland.
Photo: 1985 Eduard Marmet.
Released by the author to the public domain under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2.
The names of all those who died in this incident are commemorated on the memorial plaque in this Garden. (See below and also on Pages 2 - 4 for additional photos.)
Photo: [n/d] Ian Britton / Freefoto.com
Released by the author under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution - Non- Commercial - No Derivative Works 3.0 Licensing arrangement.
Aircraft Type and Background
Pan Am Boeing 747-121 / N739PA
Aircraft Name: Clipper Maid of the Seas
Still in use today, the Boeing 747 type is a wide-bodied four-engine passenger jet, designed in the 1960's and first flown commercially in the 1970's. It is a double-deck aircraft, with the upper deck intended originally as a first-class lounge for business passengers, etc.
Depending on the variant, the B747 could be equipped with Pratt and Whitney, Rolls-Royce, or General Electric turbofans. The aircraft featured on these pages was fitted with four Pratt and Whitney JT9D-7A turbofan engines.
The variant featured here was a 747-121, registered N739PA. Pan Am had ordered 25 of this type in 1966 for its short- and long-haul fleet. The aircraft on these pages was delivered to Pan Am in 1970 and operated on long-haul routes. At the time of its loss, this aircraft was enroute from London Heathrow to New York.
Aircraft Incident Details
Pan Am Flight 103
The Boeing 747 had arrived at London Heathrow from San Francisco, and was scheduled to fly to New York. A number of passengers for Flight 103 had arrived at Heathrow on a feeder flight from Frankfurt in Germany. Their baggage was then transferred onto the Pan Am Boeing bound for New York.
The flight path for this route took the aircraft over southern Scotland. While the Boeing was flying at 31,000ft, Shanwick Oceanic Control transmitted the aircraft's oceanic clearance but this transmission was not acknowledged. Almost simultaneously, controllers observed the aircraft's image on the radar screen dividing into multiple smaller images which were fanning downward from the Boeing's last location.
While flying at 31,000ft, the aircraft experienced an explosive decompression followed immediately by a catastrophic failure of the airframe. This caused the 747 to crash to the ground over a very wide area. This area included the small town of Lockerbie, where large sections of the wings and the aircraft's engines landed. The fuel-laden wing sections ignited on impact as they hit a row of houses in Sherwood Crescent, Lockerbie. The resulting fireball and blast damage destroyed the houses in this area.
BELOW: The crater left by the Boeing 747 as a wing section from the aircraft plunged into a row of houses in the Sherwood area of Lockerbie.
Photo: 1988 Original source unknown.
The cockpit / fight deck section landed in the countryside E of Lockerbie.
No-one survived this catastrophic explosion of the aircraft. Later, forensic investigators discovered that this incident had been caused by a bomb or other improvised explosive device concealed in a radio within a suitcase.
This suitcase had been transferred from the feeder flight from Frankfurt and had been loaded aboard the 747 airliner earlier while at Heathrow Stand K14, SE of Terminal 3. The Boeing 727 feeder flight from Frankfurt was parked at Stand K16, next to the Pan Am aircraft.
BELOW: The town of Lockerbie where the tragic loss of Pan Am Flight 103 occurred.
259 people (passengers and crew), and a further 11 people on the ground, died when the aircraft struck part of Lockerbie. All the town's residents who died had lived in the same street—Sherwood Crescent.
Photo: [n/d] Author unknown / © 2110 American RadioWorks.
Aircraft Crew and Ground Casualties
Tragically, 270 people lost their lives in this horrific incident—243 passengers, 16 crew, and 11 people on the ground. Their ages ranged from 2 months to 82 years, and 21 nations were represented. (See plaque on Page 2)
The pages for this aircraft commemorate the loss of these lives by showing the location of some of the memorials and the names of those who died.
Among the 270 people who died in this incident were:
Victims from Lockerbie
(For full list of all victims, please see Pages 2 - 4.)
In addition to the above, five Lockerbie residents suffered injuries; 2 serious (but non-fatal) and 3 of a minor nature.
BELOW: The memorial In the Garden of Remembrance at Lockerbie.
Photo: [n/d] Original source unknown.
Crash Site Photo
BELOW: Police and Investigators from the Air Accident Investigation Branch (AAIB) examine the cockpit wreckage from Pan Am Flight 103 which was brought down over Lockerbie in Scotland.
Photo: ©1988 AP
There are no additional crash site or memorial photos in the Photo Gallery
Recommend this page.
Crash Date / Site
Incident Date: 21 Dec 1988
(Town and surrounding countryside E of Lockerbie).
Region: Dumfries and Galloway
Nearest town or village:
Nearest large town:
OS Grid Ref: N/A
GPS Ref: N/A
Lat. 55° 07' N
Lon. 003° 21' W
Present Condition: The wreckage of this aircraft has been removed from the site. Several memorials to the those who lost their lives in this disaster can be seen in Lockerbie and elsewhere (See photos and links below)
Registration or Serial: N739PA
Operator: Pan Am (Pan American World Airways Inc.)
Operating Hub: John F Kennedy International Airport, New York.
Hub Location: New York, NY, USA.
Current Airport Status:
Operational Civil Airport
Current Airport Name: John F Kennedy (JFK) International Airport. (JFK / KJFK)
Incident Specific Links
Air Accidents Investigation Branch (Report on the accident to Boeing 747-121, N739PA at Lockerbie.)
Incident Discussion Links
The Lockerbie Bombing (Martin Frost)
Boeing 747 Links
Lockerbie Related Links
Garden of Remembrance (photos)Lockerbie at Wikipedia
Remembering Lockerbie at Gonetoosoon.org (Details of all those who perished)
Pan Am and Related Links
Pan Am air.org (History)
Victims LinkLockerbie Bombing Victims at LastingTribute.co.uk
Hill Walking Links
(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)
Hillwalking (The Scottish Mountaineering Club)
Hillwalking.org.uk (Equipment, etc.)
Mountain Guides (Routes, maps, advice and guidance compiled by Steven Fallon)
OutdoorScotland.co.uk (Directory of Clubs, Associations, and Mountain Rescue Teams)
WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)
Other Outdoor Activities
Backpacking and Backpackers
Cicerone (Backpacking Guides for Walking in the UK)
Kayaking and Canoeing
Kayak Scotland (Sea Kayaking in Scotland)
Kayaking at Active Scotland (Various venues)
Mountain Bike Trails (Forestry Commission Scotland)
Rock Climbing and Abseiling
Abseiling Scotland (Various venues)
Rock Climbing at Scottish National Outdoor Training Centre (Skills Courses and Qualifications Courses)
Rock Climbing in Scotland (Rock Climbing Areas)
Trekking and Hiking
Gairloch Trekking Centre (Pony Trekking in the Scottish Highlands)
Pony and Quad Treks (North Wales)
Ramblers (Worldwide Holidays)
Emergency Services Link
If you cannot make voice calls, you can now contact the 999 emergency services by SMS text from your mobile phone.
Boeing 747-121 N739PA
Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway