Avro Anson EG485

Eastman's Cairn, Galloway

 
     
 
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Aircraft Type Photos

 

BELOW: An Avro 652A T21 Anson (WD413 / G-VROE) of Air Atlantique Classic Flight at Hullavington Airfield, Wiltshire, England.

 

RAF Hullavington

 

Presevered Avro Anson at Air Atlantique Classic Flight

 

Photo: 2005. Adrian Pingstone (Arpingstone). Released by the author to the public domain.

 


 

BELOW: An Avro Anson Mk I. This was the Anson variant featured on this page.

 

A mark 1 Avro Anson similar to the type featured on this page.

 

Photo from Flight

Source: 1000 Aircraft Photos Johan Visschedijk

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Type and Background

 

RAF Avro Anson Mk.I  / EG485

 


 

Aircraft Type Nickname: Faithful Annie

 

 

The Avro Anson was an adaption of the civilian Avro 652 in use by Imperial Airways.

 

The Anson was the first aircraft in RAF service to be equipped with a retractable undercarriage. The aircraft type was flown initially by No. 48 Squadron of RAF Coastal Command.

 

The Anson was used for coastal reconnaissance and maritime patrols. Latterly, it was used for crew training, light transport, and communications purposes. Among crew members, however, the Anson was considered to be a cold, draughty, and very noise aircraft.

 

Although the Anson was a solidly-built and reliable aircraft, it was nevertheless slow and vulnerable to attack. For this and other reasons, it was inevitable that the Anson would be replacedas indeed it was, with the Lockheed Hudson bomber.

 

Later generations of Ansons (the Anson C.19 series) remained in use with the RAF until 1968.

 

Usually, Mark I Ansons were powered by two Armstrong Siddeley Cheetahs. These were radial engines. Occasionally, however, other types would be substituted.

 


 

BELOW: An Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X engine.

 

armstrong siddeley cheetah engine

 

Photo: Stahlkocher

 

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

 


 

The Anson had a top speed of about 188 mph (164 knots or 303 km/h) at 7,000ft (2,100m).

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Accident Details

 

On the 22 February 1944, Avro Anson EG485 of No.10 (Observer) Advanced Flying Unit took off from RAF Dumfries on a navigation exercise. The planned route was to take the aircraft over Silloth, Mull of Galloway, Rathlin Island (12km off the W coast of Islay), then back to Mull of Galloway, Silloth and Dumfries.

 

However, while flying over Cairnsmore of Fleet in south-west Scotland, the Anson crashed on Eastman's Cairn killing three of the five man crew.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Crew Casualties

 

 

Three crew members died in this accident and two survived. Those who died were:

  • P/O John Morgan Cooley RCAF.
    (Buried, Sec. H. Extn. 2. Grave 17, Troqueer Cemetery, Dumfries.)

  •  

  • Flt Sgt Mervyn Charles Simpson (19), W.Op. / Air Gnr., RAAF.
    (Buried, Sec. H. Extn. 2. Grave 17, Troqueer Cemetery, Dumfries.)

  •  

  • W/O Jack James Mount Ward, W.Op. / Air Gnr.
    (Buried, Sec. G. Grave 38, Glasgow (Riddrie Park) Cemetery.)

 

(Please click on the hyperlinked names above for further details at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's website.)

 

 

Those who survived (with injuries) were:

    Sgt R McLeod, Pilot.

     

    F/O P J La Londe, Nav., RCAF.

 

 

 

Crash Site Photos (Page 1-A)

 

 

Assorted Wreckage

 

 

BELOW: An aluminium panel from Avro Anson EG485.

 

An aluminium panel from Avro Anson EG485.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: The yellow paint (denoting a training aircraft) makes these parts easier to spot among the boulders.

 

An aluminium panel from Avro Anson EG485.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW (next seven photos): Small pieces of aluminium panelling scattered down the slope of Eastman's Cairn for about 300 yds.

 

(next seven photos): Small pieces of aluminium panelling scattered down the slope of Eastman's Cairn.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW (next four photos): At the head of the wreckage trail is the area where the Anson came to rest and the location of more panels and some very rusty undercarriage parts.

 

(next four photos): At the head of the wreckage trail is the area where the Anson came to rest.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 

 

 

MORE PHOTOS BELOW

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 


 

 

BELOW (next two photos): More panels, etc., from the Avro Anson scattered among the boulders.

 

(next two photos): At the head of the wreckage trail is the area where the Anson came to rest.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Decaying wood clamped in place by rusting metal part.

 

Decaying wood clamped in place by rusting metal part.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Side view of above wood and metal part.

 

Side view of above wood and metal part.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: End view of this part where the wood can be seen more clearly.

 

End view of this part where the wood can be seen more clearly.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Looking from Eastman's Cairn down into the valley below and the River Cree.

 

Looking from Eastman's Cairn down into the valley below and the River Cree.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW (next three photos): Looking over the Anson crashsite to where the Phantom and Heinkel crashed. The Heinkel crash site is behind the small rock outcrop.

 

(next three photos): Looking over the Anson crashsite to where the Phantom and Heinkel crashed.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

 

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Pieces of Anson are scattered in these boulders.

 

Pieces of Anson are scattered in these boulders.

 

Photo: © 2015 Gary Nelson

 

 

 

FORWARD TO PAGE 1-B

 

(Cairnsmore of Fleet Approach Route and Aircrew Memorial)

 

 

 


 

 

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Crash Date / Site

 

 

Aircraft pages added: 30 May 2015

 

Pages last updated: 30 May 2015

 


 

Accident Date: 22 Feb 1944

 

Accident Site:

Eastman's Cairn

(Cairnsmore of Fleet.)

 

Region: Dumfries and Galloway

 

Nearest towns or villages: Newton Stewart (W), New Galloway (NE), or Gatehouse of Fleet (S).

 

OS Grid Ref: NX 498 670

 

GPS Ref. N/A

 

Present Wreckage Status: Small panels / sections and fragments still remain at the crash site.

 

 

 

Aircraft Details

 

 

Registration or Serial: EG485

 

Operator: RAF (No. 10 (O) AFU, (i.e., No. 10 (Observers) Advanced Flying Unit))

 

Operating Station: RAF Dumfries

 

Station Location: Heathhall, Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway.

 

Current Station Status: RAF operations ceased. Now, control tower area occupied by Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum.

 

 

 

Related Links

 

 

Memorial

 

Memorial on Cairnsmore of Fleet to the crew of eight aircraft crashes (Allied and Axis) that occurred in this vicinity. The crew of the aircraft featured here is included on the Memorial.

This Memorial was placed at the site on behalf of Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum.

 

 

Museums

Anson at North East Aircraft Museum (NEAM).

Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum

 

 

RAF and Related Links

RAF Dumfries

RAF Dumfries at Forces War Records.

RAF Dumfries at Control Towers.co.uk

 

Other Links

Articles and photos of the Avro Anson type are available at the following sites:

uboat.net.

Warbird Alley.

 

 

Hill Walking Links

 

 

(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)

WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)

Walking Scotland's Mountains

 


 

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