Avro Anson MG827

Criffel, New Abbey













Aircraft Type Photos


BELOW: An Avro 652A T21 Anson (WD413 / G-VROE) of Air Atlantique Classic Flight at Hullavington Airfield, Wiltshire, England.


RAF Hullavington


Presevered Avro Anson at Air Atlantique Classic Flight


Photo: 2005. Adrian Pingstone (Arpingstone). Released by the author to the public domain.



BELOW: An Avro Anson Mk I. This was the Anson variant featured on this page.


A mark 1 Avro Anson similar to the type featured on this page.


Photo from Flight

Source: 1000 Aircraft Photos Johan Visschedijk






Aircraft Type and Background


RAF Avro Anson Mk.I  / MG827



Aircraft Type Nickname: Faithful Annie



The Avro Anson was an adaption of the civilian Avro 652 in use by Imperial Airways.


The Anson was the first aircraft in RAF service to be equipped with a retractable undercarriage. The aircraft type was flown initially by No. 48 Squadron of RAF Coastal Command.


The Anson was used for coastal reconnaissance and maritime patrols. Latterly, it was used for crew training, light transport, and communications purposes. Among crew members, however, the Anson was considered to be a cold, draughty, and very noise aircraft.


Although the Anson was a solidly-built and reliable aircraft, it was nevertheless slow and vulnerable to attack. For this and other reasons, it was inevitable that the Anson would be replacedas indeed it was, with the Lockheed Hudson bomber.


Later generations of Ansons (the Anson C.19 series) remained in use with the RAF until 1968.


Usually, Mark I Ansons were powered by two Armstrong Siddeley Cheetahs. These were radial engines. Occasionally, however, other types would be substituted.



BELOW: An Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X engine.


armstrong siddeley cheetah engine


Photo: Stahlkocher


This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.




 The Anson had a top speed of about 188 mph (164 knots or 303 km/h) at 7,000ft (2,100m).






Aircraft Accident Details


Anson MG827 took off from RAF Dumfries on a cross-country navigation exercise. However, while flying over southern Scotland in low cloud and gale force wind conditions, the Anson crashed on the north-west side of Criffel, near New Abbey.


All members of the crew survived the crash, and were able to shelter in the reasonably intact airframe until help arrived. Since the radio equipment was still working, the wireless operator was able to radio back to base for assistance.






Aircraft Crew / Passenger Survivors


All five personnel on board this Anson survived (with injuries). These were:


Operational Crew:

F/O Clive E Johnson, Pilot, RAAF.

Hugh Gunn, Navigator, RAF.

N Jackson, W/Op., RAF.


RAF Personnel Travelling as Passengers:

Norman Burt, RAF.

Flt Lt Roger White, RAF.





Crash Site Photos (Page 1-A)


BELOW: On the road to Criffel.


on the road to Criffel


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson



BELOW: A general overview of the crash area and remaining debris.


a general overview of the crash site and debris


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson


BELOW: The main debris field from Anson MG827.

This debris is partly concealed in the trough, and may not be readily visible from a distance.

The aircraft was broken up onsite and the debris removed to this gulley area.

main debris field partly concealed in trough


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Another view of the debris field.


a closer view of the debris field


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson












BELOW: One of the Cheetah engines and part of the cowling section.


The radial structure can be seen quite clearly here. The crankshaft (hub) is located within the round metal casting.


(Part of the landing gear can be seen behind the engine.)


another view of the engine with part of the cowling


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Top down view of the Cheetah engine showing part of the radial arrangement and pistons.


top down view of Cheetah engine


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson



BELOW: Part of the Anson's landing gear assembly, without the tyre.


part of the landing gear assembly


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson



BELOW: White out!  A photo of the crash site area taken in February 2013.


Without GPS or grid references, it would be very difficult to find the wreckage in these conditions!


white out! a photo of the area taken in February 2013


Photo: ©  2013 Gary Nelson



More (larger) photos from this collection on

 Page 1-B


And also on Page






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Crash Date / Site



Accident Date: 4 Nov 1944


Accident Site:



Region: Dumfries and Galloway


Nearest town or village: New Abbey (N)


Nearest large town: Castle Douglas (W) [area map].


OS Grid Ref: NX 953 622 (approx.)


GPS Ref. N/A


Present Condition: As at 2013, one Cheetah engine, engine cowling parts, and landing gear parts still remain at the crash site.


The second Cheetah engine was recovered and displayed latterly at RAF Millom Museum until its closure in 2010. This engine is now at South Yorkshire Aircraft Museum in Doncaster.




Aircraft Details



Registration or Serial: MG827


Operator: RAF (No. 10 (Observer) Advanced Flying Unit (later renamed, No. 10 Air Navigation School))


Operating Station: RAF Dumfries

(Site of former Arrol-Johnstone motor car factory, Heathhall.)


Station Location: Dumfries, Dumfries and Galloway.


Current Station Status: RAF operations ceased in 1957. Former control tower, grass area and hard standings now form part of Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum.


dumfries and galloway aviation museum logo


See also here




Related Links




Anson at North East Aircraft Museum (NEAM).

Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum (occupying parts of former RAF Dumfries).

See also here, and here.




RAF and Related Links

No. 10 (Observer) Advanced Flying Training School.

RAF Dumfries


Related Hill Walking Route Maps

Criffel by the Ardwall path.

Criffel circular from New Abbey..


Other Links

Articles and photos of the Avro Anson type are available at the following sites:


Warbird Alley.




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Walking Scotland's Mountains



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