Avro Anson EG693

Craigronald, Dumfries and Galloway

 
     
 
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Aircraft Type Photos

 

BELOW: An Avro 652A T21 Anson (WD413 / G-VROE) of Air Atlantique Classic Flight at Hullavington Airfield, Wiltshire, England.

 

RAF Hullavington

 

Presevered Avro Anson at Air Atlantique Classic Flight

 

Photo: 2005. Adrian Pingstone (Arpingstone). Released by the author to the public domain.

 


 

BELOW: An Avro Anson Mk I. This was the Anson variant featured on this page.

 

A mark 1 Avro Anson similar to the type featured on this page.

 

Photo from Flight

Source: 1000 Aircraft Photos Johan Visschedijk

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Type and Background

 

RAF Avro Anson Mk.I  / EG693

 


 

Aircraft Type Nickname: Faithful Annie

 

 

The Avro Anson was an adaption of the civilian Avro 652 in use by Imperial Airways.

 

The Anson was the first aircraft in RAF service to be equipped with a retractable undercarriage. The aircraft type was flown initially by No. 48 Squadron of RAF Coastal Command.

 

The Anson was used for coastal reconnaissance and maritime patrols. Latterly, it was used for crew training, light transport, and communications purposes. Among crew members, however, the Anson was considered to be a cold, draughty, and very noise aircraft.

 

Although the Anson was a solidly-built and reliable aircraft, it was nevertheless slow and vulnerable to attack. For this and other reasons, it was inevitable that the Anson would be replacedas indeed it was, with the Lockheed Hudson bomber.

 

Later generations of Ansons (the Anson C.19 series) remained in use with the RAF until 1968.

 

Usually, Mark I Ansons were powered by two Armstrong Siddeley Cheetahs. These were radial engines. Occasionally, however, other types would be substituted.

 


 

BELOW: An Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X engine.

 

armstrong siddeley cheetah engine

 

Photo: Stahlkocher

 

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

 


 

The Anson had a top speed of about 188 mph (164 knots or 303 km/h) at 7,000ft (2,100m).

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Accident Details

 

On the 6th December 1944, Avro Anson EG693 of No.2 (Observer) Advanced Flying Unit took off from RAF Millom, Cumberland (now Cumbria) on a navigation exercise. However, while flying over the mountains of southern Scotland, and while just north-east of Cairnsmore of Fleet, the Anson crashed on Craigronald hill (512m).

 

When a Mountain Rescue Team reached the scene, they found that three of the four crew members had died in the accident. However, the fourth crew member who had survived the initial impact died of his injuries before reaching hospital.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Crew Casualties

 

All four crew members of this aircraft died in the accident. These were:

 

  • Flt Sgt Colwyn Parker Angus (23), Captain (Pilot), RAAF.
    (Buried, Section M, Grave 3, Newton Stewart Cemetery, Dumfries and Galloway.)
  •  

  • Sgt Maurice Schneider, Navigator, RAFVR.
    (Buried, Section E, Grave 324, Liverpool (Walton) Hebrew Burial Ground, Liverpool.)
  •  

  • Sgt John Walter Melhuish (19), Air Bomber, RAFVR.
    (Buried, Plot F, Grave 387, Ferndale Cemetery, Glamorganshire, Wales.)
  •  

  • Sgt Kenneth Richard Ridehalgh, W/Op. Air, RAFVR.
    (Buried, Section F, Grave 14, Barrowford (St Thomas) Churchyard, Lancashire.)

 

(Please click on the hyperlinked names above for further details at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's website.)

 

 

 

 

Crash Site Photos (Page 1-A)

 

 

First Engine Photos

 

 

BELOW: One of the two Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah engines from the Avro Anson on Craigronald.

 

One of the two Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah engines.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Closer view of the radial engine.

 

Closer view of radial engine.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Close-up of cylinders.

 

Close-up of cylinders.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Looking inside the gap where a cylinder should be (see above photo).

 

Looking inside where cylinder should be (see above photo).

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Close-up of cylinder head.

 

Close-up of cylinder head.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Rear view of Cheetah engine showing radial arrangement of cylinders.

 

Rear view of Cheetah engine.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 

 


 

BELOW: Front view of engine showing cylinders and propeller blades.

 

Front view of engine showing cylinders and propeller blades.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Another view of the distorted propeller blade. Loch Grannoch can be seen in the distance.

 

Another view of the distorted propeller blade.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: This view shows the bending of the prop blade tip.

 

This view shows the bending of the blade tip.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 

 

 

MORE PHOTOS BELOW

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Second Engine Photos

 

 

NOTE: The second engine is almost completely sunk in a very boggy piece of ground.

 

 

BELOW: Parts of the second engine protruding from the boggy ground (red arrows).

 

Parts of the second engine protrude from the boggy ground (red arrows).

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: A closer view of the almost submerged engine.

 

A closer view of the almost submerged engine.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Some of the bolts for securing the propeller shaft (airscrew) assembly.

 

Some of the bolts for securing the propeller reduction gear assembly.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Airscrew cover (red arrow). The remainder of the engine is behind this, and therefore buried in the bog.

 

A small part of the engine casing. The remainder of the engine is behind this, and therefore concealed by the bog.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Two pushrods which are attached to the rocker arms on the top of one cylinder.

 

Piston rods detached from the engine cylinders.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 


 

BELOW: Steel pipe normally connected between the engine cylinders.

 

Steel pipe normally connected between engine cylinders.

 

Photo: ©  2014-2015 Gary Nelson

 

 

 

FORWARD TO PAGE 1-B

 

(Other Wreckage)

 

 

 


 

 

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Crash Date / Site

 

 

Aircraft pages added: 27 Mar 2015

 

Pages last updated: 27 Mar 2015

 



 

Accident Date: 6 Dec 1944

 

Accident Site:

Craigronald (512m)

(NE of Cairnsmore of Fleet.)

 

Region: Dumfries and Galloway

 

Nearest towns or villages: Newton Stewart (W), New Galloway (NE), or Gatehouse of Fleet (S).

 

OS Grid Ref: NX 523690

 

GPS Ref. N/A

 

Present Wreckage Status: At 2014, the remains of both Cheetah engines and some small parts and fragments were still at the crash site.

 


 

Other air crash sites in this vicinity:

 

(1) RAF Avro Anson W2630 at Clints of the Spout (North).

 

(2) RAF Avro Anson N9589 at Clints of the Spout (South).

 

Although the accidents occurred just over 2 years apart, both Anson W2630 and Anson N9589 lie in close proximity to one another on Clints of the Spout.

 

 

 

Aircraft Details

 

 

Registration or Serial: EG693

 

Operator: RAF (No. 2 (O) AFU, (i.e., No. 2 (Observers) Advanced Flying Unit))

 

Operating Station: RAF Millom

 

Station Location: Millom, Cumberland (now Cumbria), England.

 

Current Station Status: RAF operations ceased in 2010.

 

 

 

Related Links

 

 

Museums

Anson at North East Aircraft Museum (NEAM).

Dumfries and Galloway Aviation Museum

 

 

RAF and Related Links

RAF Millom Museum

RAF Millom Museum at Wikipedia

 

Other Links

Articles and photos of the Avro Anson type are available at the following sites:

uboat.net.

Warbird Alley.

 

 

Hill Walking Links

 

 

(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)

WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)

Walking Scotland's Mountains

 


 

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